In everyday life, people keep facing favorable and unfavorable situations. Favorable conditions make people happy and healthy. On the contrary, unfavorable condition saddens people as long as it persists. Sometimes, such unfavorable condition stays for long and that affect people adversely. Some people able to cope up, but some people not able to cope up; one who could not cope up easily become victim of depressive disorder.
"Depression is a mood condition characterized by chronic sadness and lost interest. It affects how one may feel, think, and behave and can lead to a variety of mental and physical difficulties. It is also known as major depressive disorder or clinical depression. One may find it difficult to perform daily activities and feel as though life is not worth living". Suicidal thoughts or suicide may result in severe cases. Sadness, emptiness, and worthlessness are all symptoms of depression. Sadness is a normal element of human existence. When a loved one departs or when they encounter a life crisis, such as a divorce or a serious disease, individuals feel sad or depressed. These sentiments are usually fleeting. When a person feels endless and intense sadness for a prolonged period, they may have a mood disorder such as major depressive disorder (MDD), commonly known as clinical depression, a major illness that can have a wide-ranging impact on one's life.
Symptoms of depression include :
One must meet the symptom criteria stated in the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5)" to be diagnosed with MDD.
According to its criteria :
The terminology depression is widely used to refer to a broad range of depressive disorders. Particular symptoms classify some as per DSM-5:
MDD is believed to be caused by a mix of genetics, and stress can alter brain chemistry, impairing one's ability to maintain mood stability.
People who are easily overwhelmed or have difficulty in coping likely to develop depression.
MDD can also be triggered further by the following reasons :
There is hardly any full-proof treatment for major depressive disorder. However, most people with major depressive disorder respond well to antidepressant medication, individual or group psychotherapy, or a combination of the two.
Major depressive disorder can cause significant problems in a person's life, interfering with work and social activities. Feelings of sadness, anxiety, or hopelessness are all depressive symptoms, and the illness can also impair thinking, memory, eating, and sleeping. A significant depressive illness (clinical depression) prognosis suggests that a person has felt sad, gloomy, or worthless on most days for at least two weeks, in addition to other symptoms such as insomnia, loss of interest in activities, or appetite changes. A single cause of major depression has yet to be established, nor can a single cause be recognized in a given depressed individual. However, research reveals that a combination of genetic, environmental, biochemical, and psychological variables, such as an imbalance in brain chemistry or dramatic fluctuations in hormone levels during certain times, such as pregnancy or menopause, can cause depression. There is no one treatment course for MDD. However, most people with major depressive disorder respond well to antidepressant medication, individual or group psychotherapy, or a combination of the two.